Chinese language is an unfamiliar territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 keywords and phrases. Not only that, Chinese is additionally tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, additionally unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available possess PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or valid. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. Lastly tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, strategies many similar sounds unique meanings. As a a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a character. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, could be composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation cannot be related, the concept the characters are able to. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the same way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds pertaining to instance u with an umlaut () that sounds like a combination of I and u. Like all things unfamiliar, it can cause uncertainty and issue. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the very step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language accomplishments.
The Strategies Would once Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a groundwork amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Chinese language learners and uncovered interesting results that may help future learners in forming a good study technique. Her study revolves surrounding the most regularly employed Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hi in mandarin those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing in the Chinese characters.
The study finds that among finest twenty most frequently used strategies, eight from them are most typically associated with when a character is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the mood.
7. Hearing the explanation of the smoothness.
8. Associating the character with previously learned character.
The next six strategies are used to increase learners’ understanding from the newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if brand new character is used previously.
12. Trying to find out how they are used in conversation.
13. Using the character in sentences by mouth.
14. Asking how the type could be utilized in content.
However, learning strategies tossing the second diminish beyond those two learning periods. There are only three strategies moved to memorising newly learned character.
15. Saying and writing the character at one time.
16. Saying and picturing the character in memory.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And nevertheless only one strategy used in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed overall performance two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are only to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of brand new characters. The four strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making association with a similar character
Saying and writing the smoothness repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of the things learned from what they read, 26% from whatever hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, an essential improvement to learn retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students say the materials yet learning, and learning retention is at the highest at 90% when students say the materials considerable learning as they quite do a product. Simply reading the characters are not enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, make a connection with the characters come up with them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study means that recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces getting to grips with. One way learn the correct this is by using an app with regard to example The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is designed for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters created from chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app bunches of more convenient that another app such as Anki. With Anki, although user could add personal notes on it, the sound file is not available and should be imported through another app.
Another important learning process to incorporate is observing any characters are usually employed in situation. This can do by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio files conversation. Is actually interesting to remember that trainees studied in the abovementioned research were often unwilling to adopt the educational strategies recommended by the instructors, for example watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese music tracks. There could be many causes this. The structure of the shows or songs can not appeal into the learners.
Regarding this program is not as convenient. Or if the shows could be accessed online, rarely draught beer subtitled either in both Chinese and English which makes the shows more beneficial to beginner learners in receiving the language. Also, most of the very popular Chinese Television fall in the historical genre, which can be a favourite on the list of Chinese, regarding The Empress of Asia. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is a bit more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.